House Calls

SUM 2019

House Calls Magazine is a quarterly publication that focuses on health and wellness. It includes a wide assortment of articles with topics on the latest health and wellness information, nutrition, safety, lifestyles, and more.

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h o u s e c a l l s { summer 2019 } 27 Facing the Future What causes skin to age? "Time, genetics, and sun exposure," explains Dr. Rahbar. Gravity certainly furthers wrinkles and sagging, but UVA rays, which penetrate deeply, are the primary culprit in the loss of skin elasticity and appearance of dark spots. Smoking and diets high in fats and carbohydrates can also advance skin's aging process. In addition to daily use of a broad-spectrum sunscreen tailored to skin type (sensitive, dry, oily), Dr. Rahbar recommends topical retinoids to help prevent or minimize fine lines and pigmentation changes. Retinoids prompt cell turnover and clear out clogged pores, which can help with acne, as well. Your skin evolves over time, so your skin care routine should as well. Look for products containing these active ingredients: ✓ 20s: benzoyl peroxide/clindamycin (for acne), niacinamide (vitamin B3), salicylic acid ✓ 30s & 40s: ceramide, glycolic acid, hyaluronic acid, L-ascorbic acid (vitamin C), peptides, retinoid/retinol ✓ 50s & 60s: alpha hydroxy acid, antioxidants (vitamins C and E), hydroquinone, kojic acid, peptides, retinoid/retinol ✓ 70s & beyond: antioxidants (vitamins C and E), coenzyme Q10, humectant help ward off summer acne flare-ups, opt for oil-free moisturizers and mineral-based sunscreens; shower soon after sweating; wear breathable, natural fibers; and avoid sitting in damp clothes for long periods. Sometimes mistaken for acne, rosacea causes redness, visible blood vessels, and pus-filled red bumps on the face. Affecting some 16 million Americans, especially fair-skinned middle-aged women, this condition can be aggravated in summer, when blood flow to the surface of the skin increases. In National Rosacea Society surveys, 61 percent of sufferers fault sun exposure as a leading aggravator, and 53 percent reported more flare-ups when temperatures jump. Dr. Rahbar encourages acne and rosacea sufferers to seek dermatological help if their condition doesn't resolve. TEND TO YOUR SKIN Caring for your derm long-term doesn't necessitate a complicated routine, just attention to a few daily basics: cleanse, moisturize, and protect. Product choice largely depends on your skin's tendencies. "Different skin types require varying amounts of moisturizing and tolerate varying frequencies of exfoliation," notes Dr. Rahbar, who dislikes microbead scrubs, which can irritate skin and pollute the environment. For all skin types, she advises daily washing with a gentle cleanser such as Cetaphil or CeraVe and application of a noncomedogenic (meaning it won't clog pores) moisturizer immediately afterward. "Hyaluronic acid serum is a popular lightweight moisturizer right now," she says, adding that deodorant soap and formulations containing alcohol, retinoids, and alpha hydroxy acid can be drying. Sun damage is cumulative over our lifetimes, so protection is key, stresses Dr. Fahbar. "We get UV exposure just by driving or leaving the house. It all contributes to skin cancer, premature aging and wrinkles, and dyspigmentation." Sunburn risk is certainly elevated on the sand and water, which reflect Tiny muscles attached to each of our hairs contract when we get cold or scared, forming "goosebumps," an involuntary response known as the pilomotor reflex. P H O T O G R A P H S S K I N C R E A M B Y A L E N K A D R / S H U T T E R S T O C K & H A N D H O L D I N G S K I N C R E A M P I X E L S H O T / S H U T T E R S T O C K

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